Medals were awarded for works of art inspired by sport, divided into five categories: architecture, literature, music, painting, and sculpture. The juried art competitions were abandoned in 1954 because artists were considered to be professionals, while Olympic athletes were required to be amateurs. Since 1956, the Olympic cultural programme has taken their place.
Also of cultural interest is the Olympic flag. This was originally designed in 1912 by Baron Coubertin, The five intertwined rings in different colors - blue, yellow, black, green, and red - are placed on a white field. These five rings represent the five parts of the world originally engaged in Olympism. Blue stands for Europe, black for Africa, Red for Americas, Yellow for Asia and, green for Oceania (Australia and Pacific Islands).